7.22 Unruly Gatherings
7.22.025 Nuisance declared.
7.22.030 Response to unruly gatherings.
7.22.040 Joint and several liability of participants and organizers of unruly gathering.
7.22.045 Cumulative first responses.
7.22.050 Civil or criminal actions not affected.
7.22.010 PURPOSE. This Chapter is enacted pursuant to the authority provided in Government Code Sections 38771 through 38773.5 and pursuant to the City’s police powers. The purpose of this Chapter is to identify activity which constitutes a public nuisance, to provide for the summary abatement of such a nuisance at the expense of the persons creating, causing, committing or maintaining it, and to promote the public peace, health, safety and welfare by minimizing the frequency of occurrences requiring calls for service to unruly gatherings which disturb the public peace and threaten the general welfare. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.020 DEFINITIONS. (a) For the purposes of this Chapter an “unruly gathering” means a gathering of three or more people where such persons are engaged in activities that constitute a violation of:
(1) Penal Code Section 407; or
(2) Penal Code Section 415(b); or
(3) Section 7.30.100(b) of this Code.
(b) For the purposes of this Chapter “emergency response” means the dispatch of three or more police officers in response to a call for service. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.025 NUISANCE DECLARED. It is declared that unruly gatherings constitute a public nuisance as defined by Chapter 7.16. No person, firm, corporation, association, or other legal entity owning, leasing, renting, or occupying real property in the city shall create, cause, commit, maintain, or permit such a public nuisance to occur on such property. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004).
7.22.030 RESPONSE TO UNRULY GATHERINGS. (a) First Response. Upon a report of an unruly or potentially unruly gathering, a duly authorized officer or employee of the City may respond to the incident and make a preliminary determination as to whether the incident constitutes or may constitute an unruly gathering. If the officer or employee determines that the incident constitutes or may constitute an unruly gathering, the officer or employee may issue a written warning to the person apparently in charge of the gathering that contains information in substantial conformance to the following:
(1) The conduct of the gathering constitutes or may constitute an unruly gathering under the Municipal Code or State law; and
(2) Unless the conduct of the gathering is adjusted, the continuance at the level or in the manner determined may result in the arrest or citation of persons participating in the gathering; and
(3) If an officer or employee responds to the gathering again in order to seek the abatement of the conduct or manner of the gathering, the full costs to the City of that response or any further response may be charged to the owner or possessor of the property on which the gathering is occurring.
(b) Second and Further Responses. If, after a first notice has been given as provided above, a duly authorized officer or employee of the City responds to a gathering that is then an unruly gathering, the officer or employee may take such further abatement steps as the officer or employee believes reasonable to abate the unruly gathering as provided by State and City laws. The costs of those abatement steps may be compiled and reported to the City Manager for hearing and assessment as provided in Chapter 7.42.
(c) The issuance of an entertainment permit under Chapter 5.43 of this Code shall constitute the issuance of a written warning for the purposes of this section, if the permit states on its face that the permittee is warned that the permittee shall be responsible for the costs of any emergency response if such response is required to abate an unruly gathering at the location for which the entertainment permit was issued. Accordingly, if an entertainment permit contains the warning stated herein, the permittee shall be liable under the provisions of this Chapter for the costs of responding to and abating an unruly gathering at a permitted establishment if the abatement requires an emergency response. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.040 JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY OF PARTICIPANTS AND ORGANIZERS OF UNRULY GATHERING. In addition to any other remedy under law, the City may bill the costs incurred in seeking abatement of the unruly gathering provided in Section 7.22.030(b) to each and every person who created, caused, committed, or maintained the unruly gathering. Evidence that a person was requested to leave such a gathering and refused or failed to do so shall be rebuttable proof that that person committed and maintained an unruly gathering. In establishing the costs and liability incurred as to persons who are not owners of the real property involved, the city shall provide a notice and hearing process before the City Council in substantial conformance to that provided to the owners of real property pursuant to Chapter 7.42. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.045 CUMULATIVE FIRST RESPONSES. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter and in addition to any other remedy provided in this Chapter, the owner of any premises at which a first response to an unruly gathering is provided, shall be liable for the costs incurred in providing such first response if:
(1) the unruly gathering occurs at premises at which there have been two previous first responses to unruly gatherings, and
(2) the premises are owned by the same individual or legal entity at the time of the two previously provided first responses. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004).
7.22.050 CIVIL OR CRIMINAL ACTIONS NOT AFFECTED. Any abatement process undertaken pursuant to this Title shall not prejudice or adversely affect any other action, civil or criminal, that may be brought to abate an unruly gathering or to seek compensation for damages suffered. A civil or criminal action may be brought concurrently with any other abatement process regarding the same unruly gathering. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.060 CONSTRUCTION. No section of this Chapter shall impose a mandatory duty on the City, or on any officer, official, agent, employee, board, council, or commission of the City. Instead, if any section purports to impose a mandatory duty of enforcement, that section shall be deemed to invest the City, and the appropriate officer, official, agent, employee, board, council, or commission with discretion to enforce the section or not to enforce. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004; Ord. 1991-17 § 1 (part), 1991).
7.22.070 SEVERABILITY. In the event any section, clause or provision of this Chapter shall be determined invalid or unconstitutional, such section, clause or provision shall be deemed severable and all other sections or portions hereof shall remain in full force and effect. (Ord. 2004-15 § 1, 2004).