Utilize beneficial insects to prey on a target pest species, or sleected plantings to prevent crowding-out of desirable species by exotics or undesirable species.
Practices that render the target pests preferred living conditions less favorable. For example, keeping trash areas clean can be effective for avoiding rodent infestation.
Measures that keep pest populations below nuisance levels. For example, handpicking may be sufficient in ridding garden and landscape are populations of snails, slugs, caterpillars and other pests.
Physically prevent pests from establishing themselves. Examples include window screens, mulch or fabric barriers in landscape areas or gardens, rodent and insect traps.
When deemed necessary (i.e., when non-chemical methods have failed), the least toxic, pest-specific product that provides effective control should be applied as follows:
- According to product instructions, using appropriate personal protective measures
- Using spot treatment rather than broadcast application
- In a manner that maximized effectiveness.